Natural outcrossing varies from 5 to 70 per cent depending on prevailing weather conditions (temperature, humidity, wind velocity and direction), insect pollinators (usually honeybees) and their location in relation to crop field and flower morphology of genotypes. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. Pigeon pea varieties have protein content in the range of 23-26% . Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot. Normally the crop is harvested by cutting the stems and stacking them to dry, before beating to release the pods and seeds. (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. Hist. Mostly diploid (2n = 22), rarely tetraploid (2n = 44) or hexaploid (2n = 66). Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. However, DM yields may be up to 25 t/ha and may reach up to 40 t/ha with 100 kg/ha N under optimal conditions. Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Pre-plant incorporation of fluchloralin, pre-emergence applications of pendimethalin, alachlor and linuron, and post-emergence applications of clodinafop-propargyl, quizalofop, and imazethapyr have been found to have minimal or no effect on the legume. Seeds are relatively soft and attacked by bruchid weevils during storage. Afr. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Cajanus bicolor DC. Can be grown on a wide range of soil textures, from sands to heavy black clays but needs free-drainage. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. Major host of: Acanthoscelides flavescens; Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean bruchid); Acanthoscelides … It belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae. However, there is such wide variation in genetic material available around the tropics, that selection of niche genotypes should be feasible providing edaphic and climatic conditions are suitable. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. and Danquah, A. June 2008. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … (2017) Pigeonpea [(Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.)] The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK. It is an often cross-pollinated crop, and breeding principles of both self and cross-pollinated crops are highly effective in its genetic enhancement. Some of the more common insect pests are the pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera), legume pod borer (Maruca testulalis), pod fly (Melanagromyza spp. Wetland Status. [Cajanus Cajan (L.) Millsp.] Moderately unpalatable until stock become accustomed to the taste. Rao, S.C., Phillips, W.A., Mayeux, H.S. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. Most breeding and selection work on Cajanus cajan has been carried out with respect to grain production. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Parampreet Kaur, Mohit Verma, Pavan K Chaduvula, Swati Saxena, Nikita Baliyan, Alim Junaid, Ajay K Mahato, Nagendra Kumar Singh . Cajanus cajan pigeonpea Cajanus goensis . Family: Common name: Cajanus cajan: Cytisus cajan, Cajanus indicus, Cajanus flavus: Fabaceae : Arhar: Cajanus crassus: Cantharospermum volubile, Atylosia volubilis, Atylosia crassa: Fabaceae : Thick-Stemmed Cajanus: Cajanus heynei: Atylosia kulnensis, Cajanus kulnensis, Dunbaria heynei: Fabaceae : Heyne's Pigeonpea: Cajanus lineatus: Atylosia lineata : Fabaceae : Wild Toor: Cajanus scarabaeoides: … . Pigeonpea is promiscuous in it rhizobial requirements so special inoculant is not required. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Seeds may also be harvested by hand picking, taking care not to cause much defoliation so as not to reduce flowering and podding and promote a second crop. and Kishor Gaikwad* National Research Centre on … Cajanus indicus Spreng. C.V. Sameer Kumar, S.J. According to van der Maesen … Synonyms : Cajanus indicus Spreng. (Family: Fabaceae) is an important legume crop cultivated across 50 countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas; and ranks fifth in area among pulses after soybean, common bean, peanut, and chickpea. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. in many sustainable farming systems in the tropics and subtropics, and in many home gardens in warm climates. Tall late flowering varieties are commonly grown as a food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the semi-arid tropics. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Cajanus_cajan.PDF, Ayenan, M.A.T., Ofori, K., Ahoton, L.E. Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Genotypes combining resistance to both diseases have now been bred that should improve perenniality of Cajanus cajan in forage or agroforestry systems. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. Leaf and young pods can be harvested and conserved, or fed fresh. When cultivated as a food crop it is commonly intercropped with other grain legumes such as cowpea (Vigna unguiculata ) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) but is not generally sown with other legumes as a forage. Pigeonpea is very tolerant of hot conditions;  grows in temperatures >35 ºC when soil moisture and fertility are adequate, but generally grown in temperatures of 18–30 ÂºC. Foliage may also be cut and fed to livestock fresh or conserved. – cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan: Genus: Cajanus: Species: cajan: Common Name: pigeonpea: Abbreviation: cajca: Pigeon pea is a member of the millettioid (warm-season legume) clade within the sub-family Papilionoideae. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram ... Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. – pigeonpea Subordinate Taxa. doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.1533. Millsp. India contributes about 90% of the world production of Cajanus cajan L. compared with other grain legumes, pegionpea ranks only sixth in area and production (Singh et … Family Papilionaceae. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. Genus: Cajanus Adans. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. 4 Citations. f. Leg. CAJCA (Cajanus cajan) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. The present report describes in silico identification of 18 CcMlo and 20 PvMlo genes in the important legume crops Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (2n=22) is one of the major grain legume (pulse) crops of the tropics and subtropics. Pigeonpea fixes nitrogen. ser. This crop is endowed with a rich germplasm base. As a forage shrub, pigeonpea can be interplanted with grasses. To obtain good regrowth, plants should be cut high, at 50–75 cm in taller varieties, allowing them to regrow to 150 cm before the next harvest. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. bicolor (DC.) Tall late flowering bushy perennial, well adapted to acid red low fertility soils. Crop Science 43:2212–2217. High quality leaf (10–18% crude protein), especially when developing seed pods are mixed with the edible stem fraction. Noun 1. Related Links. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. Contents. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan,is a perennial shrub in the family Fabsceae grown for its edible pods. Various plant parts used in folk medicine to treat a variety of conditions. "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Club 6: 611 (1917). There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Ramjohn Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Perennial culture of the plant in an arid environment Photograph by: Ji-Elle Creative Commons Attribution-Share … Millsp. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Cannot tolerate frequent, severe cutting, or heavy defoliation as with continuous grazing, although regrowth occurs even when coppiced as low as 15 cm. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), a protein-rich legume, is a major food component of the daily diet for residents in semi-arid tropical regions of the word. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. family Fabaceae genus Cajanus species ... Cajanus cajan Name Synonyms Cajan cajan (L.) Huth Cajan cajan (L.) Millsp. … Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus. They are also infected by numerous other fungal, viral and bacterial diseases of leaf and stem, as well as by a range of soil nematodes. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Family 1 UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs; EC 2.4.1.x) are enzymes that glycosylate aglycones into glycoside-associated compounds. Despite the large list of potential biological problems, pigeon peas are successfully grown across many countries, in areas where other pulses may not thrive. Pigeonpea is a hard woody … African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:2366–2370. Nat. – cajanus Subordinate Taxa. Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds $4.50 Loading In stock. The plants do not compete well with weeds in the early growth stage and it is important to keep the crop weed free in the first 6 weeks after establishment. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cattle on pigeonpea pasture gained 0.7–1.25 kg/day at carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200–500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil. Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. Cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan and Other Legume Species. 551 Accesses. Fabaceae + Synonyms. It is a photoautotroph. bit.ly/3bsoSK6. p. 33–37. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. 2: 739 (1753). Foliage can be browsed but branches are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves. The protein content is comparable with those in other legumes like cowpea and groundnut which have been used in complementing maize. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. ), blister beetle (Mylabris spp. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Primarily grown as a grain crop for seed for human consumption (pulse, vegetable) with over 4 million hectares cultivated worldwide. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Seedlings are difficult to transplant but it can be propagated from stem cuttings. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. Bot., ser. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. (Pigeonpea). Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. It can fix Nitrogen. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. It is also used extensively as a cover crop, green manure, inter crop etc. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Seedlings emerge 2–3 weeks after sowing, and growth is slow until the taproot develops. (Pigeonpea). Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. Contact us about this record. Hist. doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2003.2212, Shenkute, B., Hassen, A., Ebro, A. and Amen, N. (2013) Performance of Arsi-Bale kids supplemented with graded levels of pigeonpea in dry seasonin Mid Rift valley of Ethiopia. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. Cajanus marmoratus . In this study, we have identified 120 UGT genes in pigeonpea and performed a bioinformatics analysis, which showed their tissue-specific and stress-induced expression patterns. Treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, Cajanus! Habit: Cajanus Adans South Florida and other herbaria, MeSH ( Medical Subject Headings ) is 50,000–60,000.... P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha: Fabaceae Lindl Leguminosae – pea family genus: Cajanus is! Tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes special inoculant is not required, above! By 4.0 Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Huth, Helios 11: 133 ( 1893.... 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